Understanding Freight Class and the Role of Density in Shipping Charges

Understanding Freight Class and the Role of Density in Shipping Charges

Understanding Freight Class and the Role of Density in Shipping Charges

When it comes to shipping and logistics, understanding how freight class and density affect shipping charges is crucial. At TalkFreight, we pride ourselves on being leaders in the shipping industry, and part of our expertise lies in simplifying these concepts for our clients. Here’s an easy-to-understand explanation:

What is Freight Class?

Freight class is a standardized classification system used by carriers to determine the cost of shipping goods. In the United States, the National Motor Freight Traffichow-AI in logistics-works Association (NMFTA) defines these classes. There are 18 different freight classes, numbered from 50 to 500.

Factors Determining Freight Class

Freight class is determined by several factors:

  1. Density: The weight per cubic foot of the item being shipped.

  2. Stowability: How easily the item can be stowed or transported alongside other freight.

  3. Handling: Any special considerations required for handling the item.

  4. Liability: The risk of shipping the item, including the probability of theft, damage, or perishability.

The Role of Density

Density is a key factor in determining the freight class. It’s calculated by dividing the weight of the item in pounds by its volume in cubic feet. Here’s how it plays a part in shipping charges:

  • Higher Density, Lower Freight Class: Generally, items with higher density have lower freight classes. This means they’re often cheaper to ship. For example, a heavy piece of machinery that takes up less space will typically be in a lower freight class than a large, light item.
  • Lower Density, Higher Freight Class: Conversely, items with lower density usually fall into higher freight classes, leading to higher shipping costs. For example, a large, lightweight item like a big piece of furniture might be classed higher than a small, dense item.

Freight class density

Why Density Matters

Understanding density is crucial because it directly impacts your shipping costs. Items that are light but take up a lot of space can be more expensive to ship because they consume valuable space in a carrier’s vehicle.

Custom Logistics: Simplifying Your Shipping

At Custom Logistics, we use our expertise to ensure your freight is classified correctly, guaranteeing you the most efficient and cost-effective shipping solutions. Whether you’re shipping dense, heavy items or large, lightweight goods, we have the knowledge and experience to navigate the complexities of freight class and density, ensuring your shipping experience is seamless and affordable.

Final Thoughts

In the world of shipping and logistics, knowing the freight class and understanding how density affects your shipping charges can make a significant difference in your logistics strategy. At Custom Logistics, we’re committed to providing you with the best shipping solutions, tailored to your specific needs, making us your go-to partner in logistics management.